Dr. Jill Yavorsky is an Assistant Professor in the Sociology department and Organizational Science program at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte. I teach both undergraduate courses (i.e., Gender, Work, and Family, and; Sociology of Sexuality) and graduate courses (i.e., Sociology of Work, and; Macro-Organizational Theory).
My research program investigates contributing mechanisms and patterns of the stalled and uneven nature of progress toward gender equality over the past few decades. Specifically, I examine how inequality manifests within three key areas: 1) employment – with an emphasis on occupational segregation, 2) parenthood – with a focus on division of labor, and 3) work experiences and educational outcomes – with a focus on race and gender identity and practices. While the first two themes concentrate on gendered distributions of work, all themes highlight how static practices of masculinity and the devaluation of the feminine are culturally rooted in various societal institutions and impede gender equality. I consider intersecting race and class processes and inequalities throughout my work and employ a variety of methodologies—including quantitative and qualitative analyses and field experiments—to address relevant research questions using a diversity of large- and small-scale datasets.
One of my major projects addresses the first research strand noted above and examines whether hiring discrimination has become polarized and concentrated among the working-class—following similar processes that have shaped workplace inequality more broadly. Testing social closure theories, this project investigates the role hiring discrimination plays in steering men and women to different and unequal jobs and whether this varies by intersecting gendered and classed features of occupations. Using a field experimental methodology, I designed and conducted an expansive sociological résumé audit study on gender and hiring. I, along with a large research team that I recruited and managed, submitted more than 11,000 paired resumes to white-collar, working-class, and engineering jobs and content-coded about 5,500 job postings for gendered attributes that employers sought from applicants. This research provides critical insights into the extent and contextual variances of hiring discrimination and provides evidence that helps explain why occupational desegregation has been stalled and uneven in the US. Further, this study is among the first to identify nuanced forms of cultural biases that exist in the gendered details of job postings and connect these biases to employers’ actual hiring decisions.
I also have ongoing projects that investigate how workplace interactions influence people’s beliefs; gender dynamics of top income and wealth earners (i.e., the one percent); divisions of labor of new parents, and; how gender practices and orientations influence adolescent boys and girls GPAs.
My research has been published in a variety of outlets, including Journal of Marriage and Family, Sex Roles, The Sociological Quarterly, and Sociological Forum and has garnered widespread media attention, appearing in New York Times, TIME, Washington Post, Newsweek, Slate, Chicago Tribune, etc. In addition to publishing and teaching, I also enjoy consulting with technology firms, advising how they can improve the status of women and racial minorities within their organizations and build a more inclusive environment.
PhD, The Ohio State University
MA, The Ohio State University
BS, The Ohio State University
Deutsch, Francine M. 2007. “Undoing Gender.” Gender & Society 21(1):106–127
Acker, Joan R. 1990. "Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A Theory of Gendered Organizations." Gender & Society 4:139-158
Dwyer, Rachel E. 2013. “The Care Economy? Gender, Economic Restructuring, and Job Polarization in the U.S. Labor Market.” American Sociological Review 78:390-416.
2009. Iddo Tavory and Ann Swidler, “Condom Semiotics: Meaning and Condom Use in Rural Malawi.” American Sociological Review 74(2):171-189.
Research and Teaching Interests:
My research and teaching interests are gender, work and organizations, family, stratification and inequality, and sexualities.